The Government of the Republic of Indonesia through the Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia in Helsinki and the Indonesian Honorary Consul monitors closely the recent dynamic developments in bilateral relations between Indonesia and its foreign counterparts, where nowadays the actors of international relations are not only the government, but also, among others, academic institutions, NGOs and individuals.
Undeniably, whenever Indonesia’s bilateral relations with other countries is intensified, many actors will institutionalize their cooperation and relationships with their foreign counterparts through a set of agreements or treaties.
In this regard, the Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia in Helsinki and the Indonesian Honorary Consul would like to reiterate the national legislation related to the International Treaty, namely Law no. 24 of 2000 on International Treaties. Format and nomenclature of the treaty may vary, namely: treaty, convention, agreement, memorandum of understanding, protocol, charter, declaration, final act, arrangement, exchange of notes, agreed minutes, summary records, process verbal, modus vivendi, and letter of intent.
By legislation, the difference in form and nomenclature does not undermine the rights and obligations of the parties set forth in an international treaty or agreement. In the conclusion of treaties, the Government of the Republic of Indonesia shall be guided by the national interest and based on the principles of equality, mutual benefit, and take into account of the prevailing national and international law. (Article 4 paragraph (2) of Law 24/2000).
Indonesian state and government institutions, whether ministerial or non-ministerial, at the central and regional levels, which intends to conclude treaties, shall initially hold consultation and coordination with the Minister of Foreign Affairs i.e. the Directorate General of International Treaties with respect to such intention. (Article 5 of Law 24/2000).
Ratification of a treaty shall be conducted by way of a law if in respect of the following:
a. matters pertaining to politics, peace, defense, and state security;
b. alterations to or delimitation of the territory of the Republic of Indonesia;
c. sovereignty or sovereign rights of a state;
d. human rights and environment;
e. the formation of a new legal norm (Law making Treaty);
f. foreign loans and/or grants-aid
(Article 10 of Law 24/2000)
With regard to international treaties that also covering research activities by foreign researchers in Indonesia, such activity must be conducted in accordance with the prevailing national laws, regulations, policies and procedures i.e. Government Regulation No. 41 of 2006 on Permit to Conduct Research and Development Activities for Foreign Universities, Research and Development Institutes, Companies and Individuals in Indonesia.
For further detailed information regarding Government Regulation No. 41 of 2006 and foreign research permit, please go to: https://frp.ristekdikti.go.id/index.php